Pierre Jeanneret1896 — 1967
Pierre Jeanneret (Arnold Andre Pierre Jeanneret-Gris) — french architect and designer, cousin of Le Corbusier.
He graduated from the School of Fine Arts in Geneva then trained as an architect in the workshop of Auguste Perret, in Paris (1920-1921). In 1921, Pierre Jeanneret and his cousin Le Corbusier (born Charles Eduard Jeanneret) opened their architectural bureau in Paris. From this moment, Pierre Jeanneret becomes a partner of Le Corbusier, and the projects created by them were signed: «Eduard Jeanneret / Pierre Jeanneret.», they also collaborated in the magazine «L’Esprit Nouveau», which Le Corbusier produced in the early 20s.
In 1922, at the Autumn Salon exhibition, Eduard and Pierre Jeanneret presented the project «Ville Contemporaine», a model city for three million people. Between 1924 and 1940, they created a number of modernist projects, among which an important place is occupied by rich mansions in a modern style, built in the vicinity of Paris. This, in particular, Villa La Rocha / Jeanneret, Villa Stein / de Monzi, Villa Savoy — buildings that have become landmarks in the history of modern architecture. Pierre Jeanneret proved himself as a designer. At the Autumn Salon of 1929 exhibition, a furniture set was created jointly by Le Corbusier, Charlotte Perien and Pierre Jeanneret. Tables, armchairs, lockable cabinets, sections were made of modern materials (steel tubes, glass, artificial leather), using the most modern technologies. Collaboration with Le Corbusier was interrupted by the war when their workshop was closed.
In 1940-1951, he worked with architects Jean Prouvé, Georges Blanchon and Dominique Escorsat.
Pierre Jeanneret spent the last 15 years of his life in India, Together with Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew, Pierre Jeanneret supervised the construction of Chandigarh, in particular, the construction of the Capitol complex, an administrative center designed by Corbusier himself. Indian architects and engineers also collaborated with them, together with whom designs for residential buildings for the city administration, as well as schools, hotels, and shopping centers were created. Part of the Punjab University campus — the library and the Gandhi Bhawan building — are designed directly by Pierre Jeanneret himself. Gandhi Bhawan is a very peculiar structure in its appearance and almost the only one where Pierre Jeanneret’s personal authorship is recorded. It is a structure, three parts and three pointed ends of which symbolize the three parts of Indian philosophy. In 1999, a large photo exhibition was held in the Gandhi Bhawan building, telling about the contributions of Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeanneret to the creation of the new capital.
After the construction of the city was almost completed, he was invited to the post of chief architect of Chandarh and the state of Punjab until 1965, even when he returned to Switzerland. He also served as director of the School of Applied Arts created in Chandigarh, while continuing to independently engage in design — interiors and furniture.