Poul Henningsen was a Danish author, critic, architect, and designer. In Denmark, where he often is referred to simply as PH, he was one of the leading figures of the cultural life between the World Wars.
Poul Henningsen was the fourth child of noted authors Agnes Henningsen and Carl Ewald. He spent his childhood in a mother’s house in Ordrup, a suburb of Copenhagen, where Danish leading writers were frequent guests. In 1911, Poul Henningsen entered the Frederiksberg Technical School. In 1915 – 1917 нe studied architecture at the Technical University in Copenhagen, but did not graduate and did not recieve a diploma, which did not prevent him from opening his own bureau in 1919.
Poul Henningsen made his debut as a designer in 1924, winning the Louis Poulsen lamp design competition. A year later, this lamp was demonstrated in Paris at the International Exhibition of Modern Decorative and Industrial Arts. He collaborated with Louis Poulsen until the mid-1960s, and during that time he designed for about a hundred models of lamps of different shapes. Early models of Poul Henningsen lamps were used by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe in the interior of the Tugendhat villa. His other lamp stand in the house of Alvar Aalto in Helsinki. In 50s Denmark, Poul Henningsen’s lamps could be found in almost every house.
Poul Henningsen works are held in the collections of Danish Design Museum, Oslo National Museum, Pompidou Center, Victoria and Albert Museum, MoMA, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Cooper Hewitt Museum, Philadelphia Museum of Art, MAAS in Sydney, Vitra Design Museum.